New in Paper
In the Shadow of Kinzua
The Seneca Nation of Indians since World War II
Laurence Marc Hauptman
2014 Award of Merit winner from the American Association for State and
"Well written, with insights gleaned from
dozens of interviews, the book will appeal
to scholars and students of modern Iroquois
and American Indian politics."—Journal of American History
"The author’s narrative is enhanced by his
forty years of experience as scholar and
participant. Two themes dominate: the
‘diversity of existence’ that characterizes
Seneca adaptability and the perfidiousness
of American disregard."—Choice
Laurence Marc Hauptman is SUNY Distinguished Professor Emeritus of History. He is the
author, coauthor, or coeditor of numerous books on the Iroquois, including Seven Generations
of Iroquois Leadership: The Six Nations since 1800, which was awarded the 2012 Herbert
Lehman Book prize from the New York Academy of History.
Book Description »[Close »]
The Kinzua Dam has cast a long shadow on Seneca life since World War II.
The project, formally dedicated in 1966, broke the Treaty of Canandaigua
of 1794, flooded approximately 10,000 acres of Seneca lands in New York
and Pennsylvania, and forced the relocation of hundreds of tribal members.
Hauptman offers both a policy study, detailing how and why Washington, Harrisburg,
and Albany came up with the idea to build the dam, and a community
study of the Seneca Nation in the postwar era. Although the dam was presented
to the Senecas as a flood control project, Hauptman persuasively argues
that the primary reasons were the push for private hydroelectric development
in Pennsylvania and state transportation and park development in New York.
This important investigation, based on forty years of archival research as
well as on numerous interviews with Senecas, shows that these historically resilient
Native peoples adapted in the face of this disaster. Unlike previous studies,
In the Shadow of Kinzua highlights the federated nature of Seneca Nation
government, one held together in spite of great diversity of opinions and intense
politics. In the Kinzua crisis and its aftermath, several Senecas stood out for their
heroism and devotion to rebuilding their nation for tribal survival. They left legacies
in many areas, including two community centers, a modern health delivery
system, two libraries, and a museum. Money allocated in a "compensation bill"
passed by Congress in 1964 produced a generation of college-educated Senecas,
some of whom now work in tribal government, making major contributions
to the Nation’s present and future. Facing impossible odds and hidden forces,
they motivated a cadre of volunteers to help rebuild devastated lands. Although
their strategies did not stop the dam’s construction, they laid the groundwork for
a tribal governing structure and for managing other issues that followed from
the 1980s to the present, including land claims litigation and casinos.
View other series books on The Iroquois and their Neighbors.
6 x 9, 456 pages, 39 black-and-white illustrations, 6 maps, 1 chart, notes, bibliography, index